Qama - Caucasian dagger

May 14, 2022
dagger qama

Among the huge variety of custom daggers, one unique type can be distinguished. The Qama dagger is a legendary weapon of the peoples of the Caucasus and Transcaucasia. It is impossible to imagine the history of the warlike mountaineers without this masterpiece.

The Qama is a double-edged short sword from the Caucasus region, known for its effectiveness in close combat. Its roots trace back to the ancient warriors of the Caucasus, embodying a legacy of battle-hardened skill and valor.

The history of Qama dagger

The Qama boasts a unique design with a broad, double-edged blade and a T-shaped handle, facilitating a firm grip. Its compact size yet lethal efficacy in close combat sets it apart from other short swords. The design prioritizes balance and agility, making it a favored choice among warriors of the past.

The dagger gained its popularity in the East in the 17th – 19th centuries. In the Caucasus, it was actively used in the 18th – 19th centuries. It was used:

  • as a weapon;
  • for household affairs.

The dagger was worn from a young age in many countries:

  • Dagestan;
  • Adygea;
  • Ossetia;
  • Chechnya;
  • Kabardino-Balkaria.

qama dagger

After the Caucasian War ended, checkers were worn by those who were in the ranks of the Russian army. This, according to scientists, gave an impetus to the production of Caucasian weapons. The dagger not only complemented the checker, but could also completely replace it. Cossacks who lived in border regions and took part in wars were armed with Qamas. The Caucasian warrior is associated with this dagger. There is a version that it originated from the sword “gladius”, which was famous in ancient Rome.

custom daggers

Blade shape and dimensions

The blade is straight, double-edged, the tip is tetrahedral elongated. The blades were worked out in dales, the maximum number was 4 pieces. This contributed to:

  • weight reduction;
  • giving dagger greater strength.


Handle materials

The handle was made of the following materials:

  • horns;
  • bones;
  • iron;
  • silver.

The handle has a wide base, a narrow shaft ended with a pommel, similar to an arch. The handle did not have a guard, rivets were attached to the shank of the blade.

Elements of decoration

There were engravings on the handles and scabbards:

  • wooden, leather-covered and with a metal tip;
  • iron or silver.

The masters put their own brands. The pattern defined the area of origin and the master. An original ornament was often applied to the scabbard.


How was the Qama traditionally crafted?

Traditional crafting of the Qama involved meticulous forging, tempering, and honing of the blade, often by skilled blacksmiths. The process was a blend of age-old techniques passed down through generations, ensuring a blade of superior quality and durability.

What is the historical significance of the Qama?

The Qama is more than just a weapon; it’s a symbol of the fierce spirit of Caucasian warriors. Its enduring design has seen many battlefields, standing as a testament to the rugged, unforgiving terrain of its origin and the indomitable warriors who wielded it.

Can the Qama be collected or purchased today?

Yes, replicas of the Qama are available through various blade makers and antique dealers. Modern renditions often maintain the traditional design while employing contemporary materials and crafting techniques. However, authentic antique Qamas are rare finds and are prized by collectors.


The qama dagger is a fascinating weapon and tool that has a long history and a rich cultural significance. It is a symbol of the North Caucasian peoples, who have used it for centuries for hunting, fighting, and everyday tasks. It is also a testament to the craftsmanship and artistry of the Caucasian sword makers, who have created stunning examples of qama daggers with intricate decorations and inscriptions.

If you are interested in learning more about the qama dagger, you can visit the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, where you can see two exquisite specimens of qama daggers from the 19th century. You can also browse their online collection and read more about the history and design of these daggers. You can also check out this Wikipedia article that gives an overview of the qama dagger and its origins.

If you are looking for a unique and authentic Caucasian dagger to add to your collection or to give as a gift, you can visit our online store and browse our selection of qama daggers. Our qama daggers are made of high-quality materials such as steel, Damascus steel, gold, silver, and niello. They come with scabbards and some of them have stamp or markings that indicate their place of origin. Our qama daggers are not only beautiful and functional, but also rare and valuable.

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