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How to make a leather knife sheath

Written by:
Aleks Nemtcev
November 26, 2022
knife sheath making

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leather knife sheath

A sheath is important to ensure the safety and protection of a knife you carry every day. Making a homemade sheath is not as difficult, once you’ve got a set of required tools, materials, and a bit of passion. Learn how to craft your personalized knife sheath in several simple steps. 

Even a budding knifemaker can make a knife sheath on his own. Making a simple sheath can take some time and effort, but is not difficult even for a beginner. All you need is some leather, a few tools, and a few lessons. Instead of buying a sheath from a vendor, you can design and create your knife sheath by yourself and see how handcrafting imparts personalization to the pattern, materials, and usability of your sheath.

However, making an upscale sheath for custom knives, lavishly inwrought and adorned, requires much practice and expertise.

knife sheath making

For a sheath project, you’ll need quality leather, waxed string, like tooling leather. You’ll need various cutting, marking, and punching tools. The market offers an extensive array of tools for leatherwork; therefore, it’s beneficial to concentrate on a select few essentials for your project: 

  • Leather Shears – Dedicated and robust, these shears ensure precise cuts in leather, preventing fraying or damage that other blades might cause.
  • Creaser – This implement delineates the stitching path and carves a trench to accommodate your stitches.
  • Stitch Marker – Similar to the creaser, this device imprints stitch paths along curves, especially near the sheath’s tip.
  • Piercing Awl – Essential for forming holes for threading wax-coated string during the assembly of leather sections.
  • Hammer – Indispensable for imprinting or stamping on vegetable-tanned leather and aiding in the shearing process.
  • Harness Pins – These robust pins don’t pierce leather but instead guide the string through pre-made holes.
  • Edge Shaper – Utilized in final touches, this instrument aids in smoothing and rounding off coarse edges.
  • Sewing Palm – Recommended for ease and preventing finger fatigue when pushing needles through leather, this tool fits over the palm as a substitute for finger use.

These items constitute the fundamental equipment for your project. However, additional useful items include leather adhesive, adhesive tape, colorant, and a polisher, among others. While not absolutely necessary, many enthusiasts find these tools beneficial for enhancing the durability and overall finish of their projects.

Leather thickness is measured as weight in ounces (the weight refers to how thick the leather is). The thickness of the leather will affect how the sheath performs and wears over time: thicker (heavier) leather is more durable. For knife sheaths, 6 to 8-ounce leather is used, which is about 3/32” to 1/8” thick. A 6-7-ounce leather will do for smaller knives (up to 4 inches in blade length), but 8-ounce leather is recommended for belt loops for better durability. 8 to 9-ounce leather is best for all parts of larger knives.

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What type of leather is best for knife sheath?

Cowhide is a good choice for a knife sheath. Vegetable-tanned leather is even better, as it will not inflict corrosion on a blade. For a product that is going to last, you’d better choose full-grain or top-grain cow leather. The strongest part of the hide is the top level with a very tight grain pattern that is called “full-grain” leather. It is very durable and resists moisture very well. The second strongest part is called “top-grain” leather.

Designing, Tracing, and Cutting a Sheath Pattern

There are two basic types of knife sheaths: the fold-over (or pouch-style) sheath and the two-seam sheath. The fold-over sheath uses one piece of leather that is folded over itself and sewn along the sides. The two-seam sheath has two pieces of leather laid on top of each other and stitched across the sides.

Choose a design, basing the pattern on your knife’s size. Trace the knife on a sheet of graph paper or cardboard, making allowances for folding. Add a welt with the shape fitting the sheath side. Add a piece for the belt strap. Then cut out the paper template with a knife and transfer the template design onto leather. Fix your pattern onto the leather with tape, use a pencil to trace the design onto the leather, and then cut out the pattern with a thin utility knife. Trim the welt. 

designing a sheath pattern

Cutting a knife sheath pattern

Dye the leather

After cutting out the sheath parts, the leather needs to be dyed. At this stage, wear disposable rubber gloves. Before dying the leather, it’s good to damp it from the back which makes the leather flexible. Dip the applicator into the dye and apply an even coat of dye on the leather’s front. Carefully spread the stain until the color looks even. Re-saturate the applicator as necessary and cover the entire surface with dye. As the dye dries up, polish the surface with a dry rag to remove any excess dye or residue.

sheath making dye the leather

Glue welt and sheath parts

Lay the sheath on a flat workspace, align the welt along the sides of the sheath, and trace the welt’s inner line with a pencil. Apply a thin, even layer of leather cement to each side of the sheath and each side of the welt. Then put the pieces together and allow the cement to cure.

sheath making glue middle part

glue knife sheath

sheath parts

Glue middle part

glue sheath parts

glue middle sheath part

Making Grooves and stitch holes

Mark the stitch line across the edge – it should run down the center of the welt to ensure that the welt remains in place. Use a groover or a wing divider to create a stitching line. Then pierce holes inside the stitching line with an awl (or a 2-teeth chisel) and a mallet. Applying a damp cloth over the stitch line will wet the leather, thus easing the process.

knife sheath making Make Grooves

make grooves

Mark the stitch holes

Mark the stitch holes

Mark the stitch line and holes

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Cut your thread very long. You might use a sewing palm to help you push the needles through the holes. Start stitching the main seam: use two needles and thread each end of the waxed thread through each of the needles. Then make a saddle stitch along the edges of the sheath. In the end, make a back stitch, three or four holes long, trim and melt the threads. 

Stitch the main seam

Stitch the main seam

making stitch

Cut excess, sand, dye, and burnish the edges

Trim off excess leather from the sides with a skiver. Sand the edges – either by hand or with a belt sander. The surface must be smooth enough, without any frayed edges. Then apply layers of dye (protective coating). As the dye dries, remove any excess dye, apply beeswax, and burnish the edges with a wooden stick (burnisher).

Cut Excess and Sand

dye the edges

burnish edges


Finally, you should buff the leather and treat it with oil. Polishing and waterproofing your sheath with oil will increase its service life, as oil seals the leather and protects it from water damage. Dip your leather sheath into the oil and then let it dry. 

Gloss your leather sheath by rubbing it with a dry cloth, and it’s done!

Video Credit: Road Agent Leather.

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How do I ensure a snug fit between my knife and its sheath?

Accurate measurements of your knife are crucial. For leather sheaths, wet molding around the knife ensures a custom fit. When working with Kydex, heating the material until it’s pliable and then molding it around the knife will achieve a snug fit.

How can I add a personal touch to my knife sheath?

Personalizing your leather knife sheath can be achieved through various methods. Leather stamping or carving allows for the imprinting of unique designs, while dyeing or painting lets you add color or intricate artwork. Burnishing the edges gives a polished look, and decorative stitching or hardware like rivets adds a unique detail. Inlaying or overlaying with contrasting materials, tooling for raised designs, and monogramming for a classic personalized touch are also great options. Adding decorative attachments like tassels or beads can further individualize your sheath. While personalizing, ensure the modifications don’t hinder the sheath’s protective functionality.

What are the maintenance requirements for a knife sheath?

Maintaining a leather knife sheath involves regular cleaning to remove dirt and applying a quality leather conditioner to keep it supple. Optional steps include polishing for a shinier finish and applying a water-repellent product for moisture protection. It’s advisable to store the sheath in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight or heat. Regular inspection for wear and tear, and avoiding the forceful insertion of a too-large knife will help preserve the sheath’s shape and longevity. Proper maintenance will ensure your leather knife sheath remains functional and aesthetically pleasing over time.


Creating a leather knife sheath is a blend of skill, art, and homage to age-old craftsmanship. Through each step, from choosing leather to the final stitch, we form a protective and aesthetic abode for our blade. This journey, imbued with patience and precision, transforms a piece of leather into a functional companion for your knife. As you sheath your blade in your handcrafted creation, you hold not just a tool, but a narrative of tradition and personal craftsmanship, embodying a tactile testament to the timeless bond between a blade and its sheath.

Author: Aleks Nemtcev | Connect with me on LinkedIn

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  • James

    Fantastic article! As someone who appreciates the craftsmanship that goes into knife-making, I found the step-by-step guide to creating a leather sheath incredibly insightful. I’m inspired to try making one for my favorite hunting knife. Thanks for the detailed walkthrough and the helpful tips!

  • Zufar

    Beauty and quality are at their peak!!

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